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How to Do a Planche: Tips and Techniques for Mastering the Move

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The planche is a challenging, full-body exercise that requires immense strength, balance, and control. It is a popular move in the calisthenics world due to its impressive aesthetics and difficulty level. If you’re looking to master the planche, you’re in for a rewarding journey that will push your limits and help you achieve your fitness goals.

Before you attempt the planche, it’s important to understand the difficulty of the exercise and the importance of proper preparation and technique. Without adequate preparation, you risk injury and frustration. With that said, don’t let the difficulty of the planche discourage you. With the right mindset and training, anyone can achieve this impressive move.

The goal of this article is to provide you with a detailed roadmap for achieving the planche. We’ll cover everything from planche progressions and training tips to common mistakes and safety considerations. By the end of this article, you’ll have the knowledge and tools you need to master the planche and take your calisthenics game to the next level.

Understanding the Planche

Muscles Involved and Key Variations

The planche is a challenging calisthenics exercise that requires significant strength, balance, and control. It primarily targets the shoulders, core, triceps, and chest muscles. The planche involves holding your body parallel to the ground, supported only by your hands, with your feet off the ground.

There are several different variations of the planche, each with varying levels of difficulty. The basic planche variations include the tuck planche, straddle planche, and full planche. The tuck planche involves bringing your knees towards your chest, while the straddle planche involves spreading your legs apart. The full planche involves holding your body parallel to the ground with your legs extended straight out behind you.

Prerequisites and Foundations

Before attempting the planche, it is essential to build a strong foundation in pull-ups, dips, push-ups, and core exercises. These exercises will help develop the necessary strength and control required for the planche.

Achieving a solid handstand hold is also an essential prerequisite for the planche. A handstand hold will help develop the shoulder and core strength required for the planche. Additionally, mastering the planche lean is critical before attempting the full planche. The planche lean involves leaning forward with your hands on the ground and your feet off the ground, with your body at an angle. This exercise will help develop the necessary balance and control required for the planche.

Building Your Planche Journey

Progressions and Training Methods

To train for a planche, you need to start with the basics and progress gradually to more advanced exercises. The following are some planche progression exercises that you can incorporate into your planche program:

  • Wall planks: This exercise involves leaning against a wall with your hands on the floor in a planche position. It helps you develop the necessary core strength and balance required for a planche.
  • Incline planche holds: This exercise involves holding a planche position with your feet on an elevated surface such as a bench. It helps you build strength in your shoulders and triceps.
  • Planche leans: This exercise involves leaning forward from a push-up position with your hands placed further forward than usual. It helps you develop the necessary strength and balance required for a planche.
  • Planche leans with feet elevated: This exercise involves performing planche leans with your feet elevated on a bench or other raised surface. It helps you build more strength in your shoulders and triceps.
  • Tuck planche negatives: This exercise involves lowering yourself slowly from a tuck planche position to the ground. It helps you develop the necessary strength and control required for a planche.
  • Advanced tuck planche holds: This exercise involves holding a tuck planche position with your knees slightly extended. It helps you progress towards a full planche.

To make progress, it’s also important to incorporate specific training methods like weighted pull-ups, pike push-ups, and isometric holds for targeted strengthening.

Frequency, Intensity, and Recovery

Finding the right training frequency and intensity is crucial for your planche journey. It’s recommended that you start with 2-3 training sessions per week and gradually increase as you progress. But remember, it’s important to listen to your body and adjust your training frequency and intensity based on your individual needs and recovery capacity.

Rest and recovery are also crucial for muscle growth and preventing injuries. Make sure to include adequate rest days in your planche program and prioritize recovery methods such as foam rolling, stretching, and proper nutrition to support your planche progress.

Mastering the Technique

Body Positioning and Alignment

To perform a perfect planche, you need to have proper body positioning and alignment. The first step is to start in a straight line, with your hands shoulder-width apart, and your fingers pointing forward. Next, engage your shoulders and keep your elbows straight. Your body should be in a hollow body position, with your hips tucked in and your legs straight.

To maintain this position, you will need to have strong straight arm strength. This can be achieved through planche work, which includes exercises like planche push-ups, planche leans, and assisted planche holds. Gradually increase the difficulty of your training by incorporating exercises like the tuck planche, open half, and planche to handstand.

Visual aids like images or videos can be helpful in illustrating proper form. Make sure to keep your body in a straight line, with your shoulders and hips aligned. Your hands should be positioned slightly wider than your shoulders, and your fingers should be pointing forward.

Common Mistakes and Corrections

Common mistakes in planche attempts include sagging shoulders, arched back, and improper hand positioning. To correct these mistakes and achieve optimal form, focus on engaging your shoulders and keeping your elbows straight. Keep your hips tucked in and your legs straight to maintain a hollow body position.

If you find yourself sagging in the middle, try to engage your core muscles and lift your hips slightly higher. If your shoulders are sagging, try to push them up towards your ears. If you are struggling with arm strength, try incorporating exercises like the maltese press to build up your straight arm strength.

Remember, it takes time and practice to master the planche. Be patient with yourself, and focus on maintaining proper form and alignment. With consistent training and dedication, you can achieve the perfect planche.

Safety and Injury Prevention

When embarking on your planche journey, it’s important to prioritize safety and injury prevention. Here are some tips to help you avoid injury and train safely:

Listening to Your Body and Avoiding Overtraining

It’s essential to listen to your body’s signals and avoid pushing yourself too hard during training. Overtraining can lead to injuries and setbacks in your progress. If you experience pain or discomfort during training, take a break and allow your body to rest and recover. It’s also important to take rest days and avoid training the same muscle groups every day.

Warming Up and Cooling Down

Proper warm-up and cool-down routines are crucial in preventing injuries during planche training. Dynamic stretches can help prepare your muscles for the intense workout, while static stretches can help cool down and prevent muscle soreness. Make sure to include stretches that target your wrists, shoulders, and core muscles, as these are the areas that are most engaged during planche training.

Seeking Professional Guidance

If you have existing injuries or limitations, it’s important to consult a qualified fitness professional for personalized training plans and guidance. They can help you modify exercises to accommodate your needs and prevent further injuries. Additionally, a professional can help you progress safely and avoid overtraining, ensuring that you reach your planche goals without setbacks.


Achieving the planche is a difficult trick that requires a great deal of upper body strength and control. However, with patience, consistency, and proper technique, it is possible to progress towards a full planche hold.

The first step in achieving the planche is to work on planche progressions. Tuck negatives and the planche lean are great ways to build the necessary strength and control. As you progress, you can work on the full straddle planche and eventually the full planche hold.

Leg position is also important in achieving the planche. Keeping your legs straight and together will help you maintain balance and control. It’s also important to engage your core and keep your shoulders protracted.

Consistency is key in achieving the planche. It’s important to train regularly and focus on proper technique. Rushing the process can lead to injury and setbacks.

Pro tip: Don’t forget to stretch before attempting the planche. Proper stretching can help prevent injury and make it easier to achieve the planche.

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Lauren Price

Lauren Price is the co-owner of Lava Barre, a specialized fitness boutique that focuses on achieving balance for the body, mind, and soul. With a passion for fitness and wellness, Lauren and her business partner Vanessa set out to create a unique barre class that not only challenges the body but also inspires the mind.

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